Last year in my blog post “Breast cancer awareness month-diet, lifestyle and the environment, I wrote more about prevention and I also included link to an educational presentation on breast cancer,make sure it check it out if you missed it.
As personalised nutrition is slowly becoming mainstream, the impact of phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals are increasingly researched, However there has to date not been conclusive evidence between the link of nutrition & breast cancer. Nutritional genomics studies the effect of food on gene expression and hence is there is hope that dietary advice will be tailored according to genotype in the near future. Two recent review articles (see references below) have outlined the possible association between “switched on ” genes and dietary & environmental components.
This recent book in the thumbnail picture has been written by Dr Walman and Dr Bauman who are both US based expert research nutritionists. Their book is aimed at Breast cancer survivors and gives individuals the knowledge, skills and practical tips to increase nutrient content of their diets through the consumption of wholefoods, but also provides recipes to give a holistic approach. I have not read the book myself, but the summary and topics it covers has surely made me more curious to look into the book.
Whilst some researchers are looking at various SNP´s that are associated with breast cancer due to diet and environmental factors, others in the UK are developing a blood test that can detect early breast cancer instead of using mammograms for screening puropses according to a recent article. This pioneering clinical study is funded by Cancer UK and the new screening clining will be based at Charing Cross Hospital (London).
So the future certainly seems promising in terms of easy & faster detection and personalized advice. However while we wait, we have to continue on our quest to spread the message of prevention and healthy living & eating.
The key advice for the prevention of breast cancer as well as recurrence remains the same
- Aim for a healthy weight and BMI
- Reduce alcohol intake to the recommended limit of 1-2 drinks per day for women
- Eat a rainbow-coloured diet rich in fruit,vegetables and plant protein
- Stay physically active
- Perform breast exams regularly
- Find an experienced and knowledgeable nutrition consultant to discuss your concerns and goals
Riscuta G, Dumitrescu RG, Nutrigenomics: Implication for breast and colon cancer prevention.Methods Molec Biol 2012:863:343-358
Vera-Ramirez et al. Impact of diet on Breast cancer risk, a review of experimental and observational studies.Crit rev Food Sci Nutr 2013;53:49-75