What is nutrigenomics vs Personalized nutrition- what is the difference?
Nutrigenomics is a scientific field that forms part of the overarching field called nutritional genomics. Nutrigenomics is used sometimes as a shorter term of nutritional genomics and other times it is used synonymously with personalized nutrition and in this video I will explain that it is neither.
Nutritional genomics is the overarching term for the fields of Nutrigenomics which studies or environmental factors such as diet interact with our genes.
Nutrigenetics is the study of how our genetic make-up influences how we utilize nutrients and Epigenetics is the study of the switching on and off of genes without a change in the structure of the DNA.
Personalized nutrition on the other hand has been practice for ages and it is when we tailor a person´s nutritional intake to their preferences, disease state, age, and sex for example.
The goal of the field of nutritional genomics is to be able to understand how we can tailor a person´s diet to their genes or to intervene with specific foods to improve health and reduce or delay the onset of diseases. So gene- based personalized nutrition is a more accurate term for personalizing someone´s diet according to their genetic information.
The impact of developments inNutritional genomics on the NUTRITION FIELD
• We are moving away from one-size fits all approach
• We may be able to identify who needs more intensive intervention
• New research will take into account diet, genes, biomarkers, lifestyle which of course is very complex because we eat food not individual nutrients
The impact of the field In terms of PRACTITIONERS
• Practitioners will need to update knowledge in genetics and genomics
• Will need to learn how to translate and integrate science into specialist area
WHY IS IT SO EXCITING?
• We are constantly learning new knowledge
•We will expand our skillset and create new job opportunities
• We are starting to move to prevention rather than disease care
• We are part of this genomics era that we or our generation will be remembered for
So the question is, what are you doing about it??
Great Resources to check out:
International Society of Nutrigenomics & nutrigenetics:
The European Nutrigenomics Organization
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